Results of many years, situation duration, HY phase and you can Led
Looks angles when you look at the PD clients
NF, Facebook, KB and you will Lb bases when you look at the male and female people with PD are offered in Fig. dos. We learned that age (male: 66 ± eleven yrs old, female: 68 ± 8 yrs old), problem stage (male: eight.8 ± 4.eight many years, female: 8.six ± 5.4 many years), HY stage (male: 2.8 ± 0.8, female: dos.eight ± 0.7) and you can Contributed (male: 501 ± 253 mg, female: 436 ± 233 mg) were not notably additional anywhere between genders. NF position for men (27.6 ± eleven.8) was notably higher than in females (22.9 ± fourteen.9) (p = 0.01). not, most other basics were not notably other anywhere between males and females (FB: 5.4 ± 11.6 and you may 2 mejores sitios de citas sij.dos ± 6.7, KB: 17.seven ± 7.eight and you will 19.six ± ten.2, LB: 2.7 ± step three.9 and 3.5 ± step 3.cuatro, respectively).
NF, FB, KB and LB angles in male and female PD patients. NF angle was significantly larger in males than in females (P < 0.05), but FB, KB and LB angles showed no significant difference between males and females
Correlations ranging from NF, Fb, KB, Pound bases and you may medical predictors (age, disease cycle, HY phase and you will Led) are offered from inside the Dining table step one.
FB (r = 0.246, p < 0.01) and KB (r = 0.359, p < 0.001) angles increased significantly with advancing age. Further, NF (r = 0.197, p < 0.05) and FB (r = 0.196, p < 0.05) angles were significantly associated with disease duration. All the measured angles increased significantly with advancing HY stage: NF (r = 0.350, p < 0.001), FB (r = 0.492, p < 0.001), KB (r = 0.381, p < 0.001) and LB (r = 0.213, p < 0.05). Finally, there was a significant association between LED and FB (r = 0.243, p < 0.01), but not the other angles. DDA showed no significant relationship with any of the measured angles. Mean values of LED and DDA were 472 ± 248 mg/day and 123 ± 120 mg/day, respectively.
Multiple regression analysis was performed to assess the relationships among these four predictors as explanatory variables and each angle as a categorical response variable. HY stage was the most explanatory variable for NF (partial regression coefficient (B) = 6.578, p < 0.001), FB (B = 5.976, p < 0.001) and KB (B = 5.614, p < 0.001), while LED was the most explanatory variable for LB (B = 0.004, p = 0.002).
Laterality off initial warning sign and Pound angle
The relationship anywhere between laterality of one’s initial danger signal and you can Pound angle is actually looked at. To possess 59 clients, the initial warning sign are to the right top as well as for 43 patients, it absolutely was for the left (nearly symmetrical 15, not familiar 3). Bending top (direction out-of Pound direction) was not associated with the section of the initially danger signal (Fig. 3).
The partnership ranging from laterality of your own initial warning sign and you may Pound angle. Bending top (recommendations of Lb perspective) was not of side of the first symptom
Common relationship among measured basics
Table 2 shows the relationships among the measured angles. NF and KB (r = 0.275, p < 0.01), NF and LB (r = 0.250, p < 0.01), FB and KB (r = 0.335, p < 0.001), KB and LB (r = 0.225, p < 0.05) were significantly positively correlated.
We also examined the relationships among the measured angles separately by age or gender, and the results are shown in Tables 3 and 4. When subjects were divided into a younger group (age less than 70 years old; n = 57) and an older group (age over 70 years old; n = 63), significant correlations were found only in the older group, between NF and LB (r = 0.269, p < 0.05) and between FB and KB (r = 0.375, r < 0.01). As to gender, different trends were found in men (n = 66) and women (n = 54), but significant correlations were seen between NF and LB and between FB and KB in both sexes.